Concepts of Chinese architectural design and some real-world examples of their use in interior design
China is one of the nations that has the longest history in the world, with the first dynasty being created in 2070 BC, making it one of the countries that holds the record for the oldest history. The presence of a history that can be traced back thousands of years before the common era provides a culture that is firmly ingrained in a variety of facets of the lives of the people who live there. The architecture and interior design of Chinese and Chinese buildings are undeniably impacted by the country’s rich cultural heritage and variety. The following are some of the ideas that are taken into consideration throughout the architectural design process for Chinese structures.
Yin and Yang () refers to an old concept that originated in China. According to this theory, the Chinese people think that there is always going to be a rhythm that is counter to one another in nature. If there is dawn, there will also be night; whenever there is a dry season, there will also be a wet season; and so on (Kustedja & Salura, 2012). Despite the fact that they are mutually exclusive, these two concepts are inseparable. Because of the fact that the coexistence of these two distinct aspects results in the formation of cohesion and harmony.
One way that this idea might be put into practice is in determining how aesthetic value should be assigned to vacant space. The perspective held by members of the Chinese community is that it is undesirable for a space to be completely crammed, whether with a variety of pieces of furniture or other things. Additionally required in a room are sections that have been purposefully left empty. It would be even more ideal if a space were only stuffed with objects that were really required, without going to excessive lengths to emphasize this point.
Harmony and Composure
The following idea focuses on the importance of harmony and completeness across the whole. The members of the Chinese community believe that a structure does not necessarily need a vocal point or a focal point that draws attention in a space in order to function well. This is due to the fact that, in their view, the aspect of a structure that is based on this notion that is most significant is that the individual components come together to create a whole. There is nothing that stands out to the point that it overshadows everything else.
This idea may be seen, for instance, in the way that symmetrical shapes are used in the design of interiors and exteriors of buildings. The argument is that if a structure or space is drawn a straight line directly in the center, then the left and right sides of the building or space will seem precisely the same or comparable. This is true whether the line is drawn horizontally or vertically.
Putting Equal Weight on Man and Nature
The people of China believe that a building’s purpose is to connect people with the natural environment that surrounds them, such as through facilitating human interaction with the natural world. This is due to the fact that, in the eyes of the Chinese people, humans and nature form a single entity, or alternatively, humans might be seen to be a relatively insignificant component of nature. They get their ideas and inspiration from the natural world around them. It is also often believed that people get their vitality from the natural world.
The installation of windows is an illustration of how this idea may be used in design, and it’s a good one to look at. The window in this Chinese structure serves the purpose of a connector, or of linking the inside with the environment outside of the building. It seems like the window is being utilized to create a “frame” that is displaying a picture, and the image that is being shown is a view of the landscape outside the building.
The layout of Chinese buildings often pays a lot of attention to the several levels and components that make up the life of the people who live there. If a person is in a higher position, the building that they use will be located farther away from the entrance and will be of a greater height than the buildings that are in the surrounding area. On the other hand, if the individual in question does not have a major position, then the structure that is used will be much more straightforward.
One illustration of the possible applications is to model it after the arrangement of the rooms in a traditional Chinese home. These areas are going to be structured taking into consideration the order of importance of the household’s various members of the family. When a person’s status is greater, such as when they are parents, the location of the room they use will be farther distant or more difficult to get from the main door. On the other hand, if a person’s status in the family is declining, as it does with children, then the location of that person’s bedroom should be one that is closer to the front door so that it is more convenient to access.
Fengshui is a science that explores how to utilize Qi (also known as energy) to enhance the quality of one’s life by taking into consideration the three different kinds of ‘luck’ that humans experience. This qi is present in all living and nonliving objects that are found in nature. It may be found in people as well as the environment that surrounds them (Too, 1993). Heaven’s Luck (; tian cai), Earth’s Luck (; di cai), and Human Luck (; ren cai) are the three types of luck that he refers to when referring to human luck. The practice of Feng Shui in and of itself is a representation of Earth’s Luck with the purpose of assisting humanity in bettering their destinies.
Feng shui is used to regulate beginning with the determination of the location of the building, the direction facing the building, the position of the doors and windows along with their size, the position of laying out the rooms, the direction facing the room, and so on. Feng shui is used to regulate everything from the placement of the doors and windows to the orientation of the building itself.